Charles J. Paradis, Emma R. Dixon, Lauren M. Lui, Adam P. Arkin, Jack C. Parker, Jonathan D. Istok, Edmund Perfect, Larry D. McKay, Terry C. Hazen
The breakthrough curve obtained from a single-well push-pull test can be adjusted to account for dilution of the injection fluid in the aquifer fluid. The dilution-adjusted breakthrough curve can be analyzed to estimate the reaction rate of a solute. The conventional dilution-adjusted method assumes that the ratios of the concentrations of the nonreactive and reactive solutes in the injection fluid vs. the aquifer fluid are equal. If this assumption is invalid, the conventional method will generate inaccurate breakthrough curves and may lead to erroneous conclusions regarding the reactivity of a solute. In this study, a new method that generates a dilution-adjusted breakthrough curve was theoretically developed to account for any possible combination of nonreactive and reactive solute concentrations in the injection and aquifer fluids. The newly developed method was applied to a field-based data set and was shown to generate more accurate dilution-adjusted breakthrough curves. The improved dilution-adjusted method presented here is simple, makes no assumptions regarding the concentrations of the nonreactive and reactive solutes in the injection and aquifer fluids, and easily allows for estimating reaction rates during push-pull tests.
Paradis CJ, Dixon ER, Lui LM, Arkin AP, Parker JC, Istok JD, Perfect E, McKay LD, Hazen TC. 2019. Improved method for estimating reaction rates during push-pull tests. Groundwater 57:292-302.